Dulwich Branch of the No Conscription Fellowship

No information has yet been found about the formation of the Dulwich Branch of the No-Conscription Fellowship, but it counted as members two very early opponents of the war and conscription in South East London, namely Arthur Creech Jones of East Dulwich and Sarah Cahill of Lewisham. Its meetings took place at the Dulwich Independent Labour Party (ILP) headquarters in Hansler Hall, Hansler Street, East Dulwich and its members came from nearby areas in today's boroughs of Lambeth, Lewisham and Southwark. They were predominantly socialists and trade unionists many of whom also held religious convictions. In 1917 the branch produced a pamphlet What Are Conscientious Objectors ? [1] giving information on its membership, which Cyril Pearce describes as "an unequivocal statement by a self-confident, radical and substantially working-class anti-war community". [2] The pamphlet lists its members who were absolutists and those who had been imprisoned and who had accepted the provisons of the Home Office Scheme. The pamphlet gives the names of 16 COs from Lewisham and 7 from Deptford whose biographies can be found in the links in the table below.

The photograph to the right of a gathering of Internationalists is taken from the Peace Pledge Union (PPU) website http://www.ppu.org.uk/ and reproduced with their permission.

Full members of the NCF's branches were men who were eligible for conscription and who would refuse to fight. Older men and women were associate members and were extensively involved in the work of the NCF itself, especially when the younger men were imprisoned. From May 1916, Percy Neaves who had exemption under the Pelham Committee scheme and lived in Lewisham's Blackheath Ward was the Secretary of the Blackheath Branch of the NCF. In Dulwich Sarah Cahill was the branch secretary in August 1917 when she wrote to Catherine Marshall, the Parliamentary Secretary of the NCF. She reported on the condition of four of the Dulwich branch members who were imprisoned as absolutists and whom she had recently visited or was in correspondence with. Clara Gilbert Cole, another associate member from Camberwell who had joined the NCF when it was 200 members strong " [3] also wrote and visited Lewisham COs in prison and published her experiences in 1936.

Members of the No-Conscription Fellowship from Deptford and Lewisham

Allen, Albert Edward Bligh, Wilfred George Byngham, Henry John Cahill, William Phillip
Cotterill, Henry Frank Frayling, Walter Russell Fuller, Horace Valentine Grimmer, William H.
Griffiths, Alexander Harby, Edward William King, Wilfrid George Knibbs, William Robert
Lock, Cyril Edward Leonard Miles, Archibald Miles, Cyril Miles, Henry Havelock
Miles, Herbert Henry Miles, Walter, Edwin Neaves, Percy Otley, K.C
Peppercorn, Oswald Petrides, Neville Michael Rose, Cecil Raymond Rose, Sydney William
Turner, Sidney Robert Wills, Duncan Ambrose Plummer, Lewis Henry
Associate Members and Prison Visitors of the Dulwich Branch of the No Conscription Fellowship
Cole, Clara Gilbert Cahill, Sarah Ann

1. Dulwich N-C.F What are Conscientious Objectors? July 1917 in the Cumbria Archive Centre ref:D/Mar/4/97
2. Cyril Pearce (2004), "'Typical' Conscientious Objectors — A Better Class of Conscience? No-Conscription Fellowship image management and the Manchester contribution 1916–1918", Manchester Region History Review
3. Clara Gilbert Cole, The Objectors to Conscription and War published Manchester: Workers' Northern Publishing Society, 1936, p. 8

Ann O'Brien, Volunteer at Lewisham Local History and Archives Centre, April 2014, Revised March 2015

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