Baxendine, John

He was 29 in 1916

30, Larkbere Road, Lower Sydenham

John Baxendine worked as a glazier and glass-worker. He married Elizabeth Ann Thomas in Christ Church West Croyden on 4 June 1910, they had two children Richard John (1.6.1911) and Frederick Kenneth (9.9.1912).

Conscientious Objection during the First World War:
His appearance before the Lewisham Military Service Tribunal was reported in the Lewisham Borough News on September 22 1916. John claimed exemption on grounds of conscience and because of his wife’s delicate health. He told the tribunal that he considered his work of national importance and that he had held a badge giving him exemption until it was removed following his refusal to work on hutments for munition factories. He was conscripted at Camberwell on 21 November 1916 then, sometime in early January, he was arrested as an absentee and was taken under guard to the Non-Combatant Corps (9 Eastern Company) and court-martialled at Winchester on 16 January 1917 for disobeying a lawful command. He was sentenced to 6 months hard labour to be served at Wormwood Scrubs gaol where on 10 March 1917 the Central Appeals Tribunal there found him a genuine conscientious objector and referred him to the Home Office Scheme.

War Service:
There is a record of his having been sent on 23 September 1917 to Penderyn, in South Wales, under the terms of the Home Office Scheme.

After the First World War:

Cyril Pearce, University of Leeds, Pearce Register of British Conscientious Objectors
Lewisham Borough News September 22 1916.

Ann O'Brien, Volunteer Lewisham Local History and Archives Centre, July 2015

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